The Old and New Testaments

>We must make a distinction between the Old Testament and the New Testament

Failure to distinguish between the Old and the New Testament will hinder one in understanding the Bible and in obeying God’s will.

	The Bible itself speaks of two testaments, or covenants. <br />
	Hebrews 10:9 “Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first (covenant, h.h.), that he may establish the second (covenant, h.h.).” <br /><br />
	The Old Testament is old because a second covenant was given. The New Testament is new because it is the second and more recent testament and because it came after the first covenant. 

Hebrews 8:13”In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old .”

	The Old Testament of the Bible 

	Some of the things included in the Old Testaments include are: <br />
	1) The creation of the world and man (Genesis 1) <br />
	2) The fall of man in sin (Genesis 3:1-6). <br />
	3) The promise of a Savior (Genesis 3:15; Genesis 12:3) <br />
	4) God’s covenant with Israel making them His “chosen people” (Exodus 19:1-8). <br />
	5) The Ten Commandments and numerous other laws (Exodus 20:1-17,21-23). <br />
	6) Much of Israel’s history. <br /><br />
	The old covenant foretold the coming of a new covenant. Jeremiah 31:31-32 “Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD” <br /><br />
	The old covenant had some “faults” or “weaknesses” in the flesh (Romans 8:3; Hebrews 8:7,8). <br />
	1) “Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them “ (Deuteronomy 27:26) <br />
	2) The animal sacrifices of the old covenant could not take away sins. 

Hebrews 10:4 “For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.”

	The purpose of the first covenant was to “bring us to Christ that we might be justified by faith” (Galatians 3:24). <br />
	1) It defined sin (Romans 7:7) <br />
	2) It impressed upon man the need for a Savior (Romans 7:14-24). <br />
	3) It contained many prophecies relating to the coming Christ thus pointing to the Christ (Luke 24:44-47). 

The first covenant ended and the new covenant began when Jesus died on the cross.

  • Matthew 5:17;
  • Hebrews 9:17;
  • Colossians 2:14

	The New Testament of the Bible 

	The New Testament has to do with Jesus Christ and the promise of salvation through the forgiveness of sins by the blood of Jesus to those who believe in Jesus and obey Him. <br /><br />
	Ephesians 2:14-22 <br /><br />
	The New Testament is the fulfillment of the promise that God gave to Abraham that in his seed all the nations of the earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:3 b; Galatians 3:16-18). <br /><br />
	In the New Testament, God speaks to man through His Son — Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1,2). <br />
	Under new covenant, Christ has all authority (Matthew 28:18). <br /><br />
	Jesus was born and lived under the law or the first covenant. However, since the new covenant centers around Jesus, the Bible record as a part of the New Testament: <br />
	1) Jesus’ birth and ministry, as well as His death, resurrection, and post resurrection appearances (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John). <br />
	2) Accounts of the preaching of the truth that Jesus is the Christ with examples of some being saved and some rejecting this truth (Acts). <br />
	3) Letters written to Christians and to churches instructing them in righteousness (Romans - Revelations). <br /><br />
	The Old Testament has ended; the New Testament or the words of Christ instruct us how to be saved, how to worship, and how to live. This does not mean the Old Testament is of no value. It is written for our example and for our learning (Romans 15:4; 1 Corinthians 10:11) <br /><br /></p>
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